A bibliography is an important aspect of an essay. It helps readers in understanding and referencing the sources you have used in writing the essay. It also serves other purposes like if someone wants to reproduce your work, he/ she can visit the links for the better understanding of the topic. Writing a bibliography is not an easy task if you are not keeping a track of books, articles, encyclopedias and notes from the very beginning. In this article, we will provide you tips and tricks which will help you to write a bibliography for an essay easily.
1. Work on the basics
There are some basic rules for writing annotated bibliographies which should be followed every time. For apa format, always begin writing the names of cited works at the end of the paper on a fresh page with the title as ‘References’ and it should be centrally justified. Use the letter by letter system and arrange the entries alphabetically according to author’s last name. While writing a report by hand, underline the name of the publications. If you are typing the bibliography then write the name of the publications in italics. You can consult an apa annotated bibliography template to get familiar with these basic rules.
2. Always capitalize, abbreviate and punctuate
According to apa norms, you should use sentence-style capitalization for writing down titles which mean that the first word of the title and the subtitle should be capital. Though, periodical titles can be treated as an exception to this rule. In an annotated bibliography apa style, it is advised that you should italicize both periodical titles and volume number. Punctuation is equally important while writing an annotated bibliography apa. Always use the ampersand (&) symbol before the name of the last author if the number of authors is more than one.
3. Understand the difference between annotation and abstract
Annotation is completely different from an abstract. In annotation, you should summarize the important idea behind the presented item and after that, you should add few lines from your side to evaluate the quality of the source and to relate the item to your topic. The summary should not end in just a sentence you should add a couple of sentences for explaining the summary briefly. You can glance various apa annotated bibliography template to get an idea of writing annotations.
4. Use hanging indents
If you are writing the bibliography for an essay, always use hanging indents. In hanging indents, begin the first line of the references from the left margin and for subsequent lines of references, sue four spaces. This will keep your bibliography clean and easy to read.
In an annotated bibliography, we include comments from our side which describe the sources and their credibility. Such comments are called annotations. So an annotated bibliography basically has two parts: citation and annotation. With the above given-tips, we hope that you will be able to write an annotated bibliography of an essay easily and will impress the committee.
Sofy Alan is a content manager. Her hobby is writing guest posts about tips for applicants. Her life credo is “If you wish to be a writer, write”. She enjoy her life but in future she dreams of becoming big-name writer and blogger.