Annually, more than 250,000 international students apply to study in Germany. That is above 10% of the whole student population studying in German Universities. Whether you intend to visit Germany as an exchange student or to enroll on a full-time degree programme, you will benefit from low tuition fees and excellent quality German education. A country with 409 officially approved universities and colleges usually offer international degree programmes above 14,500.
Germany is the place of birth of many famous physicists in the world such as, Ohm, Planck, Einstein, Hertz, Gauss and high-ranking writers and philosophers such as Kant, Nietzsche, Marx, Hegel, Goethe, Mann or Hesse.
The education system of German has produced 103 Noble laureates.
Universities in Germany combine research and studies and have been a place for remarkable discoveries such as the computer, printing press and mp3 that have become undividable parts of our contemporary lives.
There are three main types of higher education institutions that you can select in Germany, they include: universities, universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) and specialized universities.
- Universities mainly lay emphasis on research and are the conventional German education institutions. Most of them are technical universities or colleges of technology.
- Universities of applied sciences are focus on practicals and are directly linked to main German companies.
- Specialized universities concentrate on precise subjects such as arts, music, film, theatre
The German federal states fix their own education fees. Currently, only two federal states charge students tuition fees: of about 500 € every semester (Bavaria and Lower Saxony). All other federal states do not charge students tuition, although a semester fee ranging from 150 to 250 € is usually required.
There are industries that sponsor bachelor and master students in the country. Those students attending industry relevant master programmes may get around €600 to €800 every 30days from companies for a period of 6 months.
A service called German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD: Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) give scholarships to international students and researchers coming to school in Germany. A ministry called Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung) also owns a website dedicated to scholarships in Germany.
General application requirements
Gaining an admission into most study programmes in Germany involves you to take all or part of the following steps:
- You must provide a high-school graduate certificate, called Abitur in Germany.
- Find out if your certificate is approved by the German university.
- You might be asked to take given a written examination.
- You have to confirm your German language ability, or English ability if selecting an English-taught programme.
- You must prove that you can pay for your stay in Germany.
- Show a proof of scholarship, if necessary.
- Get a health insurance – generally around 50 EUR per month. Some universities may offer service packages such as; a health insurance policy, meal coupons and accommodation.
Read also: Admission and langauge requirements for study in Germany
Courses you can study in Germany are listed below
- Humanities and Social Sciences
- Economic Sciences
- Agricultural and Forest Sciences
- Medicines and Health Sciences
- Art, Music and Design
- Language and Cultural studies
- Mathematics and Natural sciences
Germany has a broad range of courses and degrees a student can choose from whether a Bachelor’s degree or Master’s degree, a state exam or PhD. All your alternatives are available for you.
A Bachelor’s degree is the first degree awarded in the university, usually received after three to four years of study. A majority of courses are limited to one single subject, but pursuing double Bachelor’s degrees are also possible. This merges two main or one main and one minor subject. The most popular Bachelor’s degrees are a B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science), a B.Eng. (Bachelor of Engineering) and a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.). A Bachelor’s degree is a fully-fledged university degree. This lets you make a quick start in professionalism. If you’re looking forward to continue studying after completing your Bachelor’s degree you can add a Master’s degree.
A Master’s degree is the second degree awarded in the university and is completed after the person must have gained a Bachelor’s degree, or after a few years in a profession. The duration of these courses usually last between two and four semesters. The greater number of students use Master degree programmes to enlarge their methodological knowledge from the Bachelor course, or to specialize in a particular field of study. Many also swap to associated subjects or complete Master’s degree programmes that do not desire any specific procedural knowledge, involving the Master of Business Administration (MBA). Once you have been awarded obtained your Master’s degree, you can start job haunting or you can remain at university and obtain a doctorate.
There are subjects that end with a state examination. These subjects include; pharmacy, dentistry, law, food chemistry, veterinary medicine, as well as some educationist training courses. These courses involve studying at a university, however state examination establishment participate in the final examinations. The theoretical degree is finished by sitting an opening examination organized by the state. Followed by a technical training stage that closes with the second state examination. Students outside Germany may sit a state examination, you have to confirm if the degree is accepted in your own country.
The doctoral degree ends with the awarding of the academic title of a doctorate. This involves the completion of complex scientific research journals. There are two ways that you can follow, that is; the traditional PhD model or the structured PhD programme. The traditional model deals with graduating at one single faculty, supervised by only one single professor. Most students choose this route. While, structured doctoral programmes are usually restricted to three years and they comprise of curricular specification and supervision by several experienced scientists.